Timeline of Bibra Family
Large scale map showing Bibra locations of interest.

  • 1245         Continuous family tree begins with Berthold de Bibera and his wife
    Mechthildis

  • 1467        21 cousins met at Bibra from the 5 lines then existing and concluded
    a Castle Peace Treaty.  All male Bibras were then joint owners of the castle and
    lands at Bibra as well as having their own properties elsewhere.  The Treaty
    forbid insults and punished attackers with ostracism: one month for using a
    knife, three months with a sword, a year if a wound inflicted, and forever or until
    judged reformed in case of death.

  • 1486  Emperor Friedrich III conferred to the village of Bibra the right to be a
    market town.

  • 1490  Wilhelm von Bibra, emissary to Rome dies in Verona, Italy.

  • 1492 Started construction of the present church in Bibra.

  • 1494   Dr. Kilian von Bibra,  statesman, head of the cathedral council at
    Würzburg, advisor to Emperor Maximilian etc., dies.

  • 1495-1519      Lorenz v. Bibra elected Prince Bishop of Würzburg, Duke in
    Franconia.

  • 1525   Castle Bibra, along with other castles in region, are burned and
    destroyed in the Peasants War,  contents lost. (Family archives previously sent
    to Irmelshausen where remained until recently moved to Würzburg.)  
    Irmelshausen left intact due to settlement with peasants. Peasants defeated at
    Würzburg.

  • 1540-1544  Conrad v. Bibra elected Prince Bishop of Würzburg, Duke in
    Franconia.

  • 1500's  The family continues in growth in power and numbers.  Then at its peak
    of power, plague, an extra large number of males entering the church, and high
    ratio of daughters reduces the family to very few.

  • 1602-1681 Heinrich von Bibra dies childless but with many fief properties which
    he tries to leave to his only living Bibra relatives, the protestant descendants of
    Bernard and his recently deceased brother Valentin. (All living Bibras are
    descended from these two brothers.  The family was divided into two branches
    and eventually into seven lines.)  The Prince-Bishop of Würzburg opposed this
    transfer and a legal battle ensued until a settlement was reached in 1681 almost
    eighty years later.

  • 1618  Thirty Years War 1618 - 1648

  • 1646 The rebuilt castle Bibra is attacked and burned for a second time.

  • 1669  Hans Caspar, Jr. becomes the single owner of Bibra and begins the
    reconstruction.

  • 1759-1788   Heinrich von Bibra Prince Bishop and Abbot of Fulda

  • 1772     Brothers Friedrich Gotthelf of Brennhausen and Carl of Höchheim (later
    became Bibra-Bibra line) are raised to Imperial Barons from Imperial Knighthood.

  • 1808  Napoleon redraws the map of Europe.  Following the dissolution of the
    Holy Roman Empire, Franconia is made part of the new Kingdom of Bavaria.  
    (Later Bibra is transferred to Sachsen-Meinigen.  Sachsen-Meinigen becomes
    part of Thuringia which becomes part of the Russian Zone which becomes East
    Germany.)   To reflect the new political order various lines are made Barons in   
    this new Kingdom of Bavaria (1815-1828).

  • 1839-1843      Southerly defense wall removed and a stone bridge built across
    the moat on the west side.

  • c.1930  The farm and forest land at Bibra are sold off.

  • 1946-1988      Castle Bibra allowed to stay in family hands although with limited
    control.

  • 1996    Apparently, the longest continuously owned castle by one family in
    Thuringia.